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History of the Primitive Baptists in TX, OK, and Indian Territory: Southwest Texas Association PDF Print E-mail
Written by J.S. Newman   

 

SOUTHWEST TEXAS PRIMITIVE BAPTIST ASSOCIATION

South West Texas Primitive Baptist Association was constituted with Tinney’s Creek church Caldwell county in November 1899, with four churches viz: Little Vine, Travis county; Tinney's Creek, Caldwell county; Buckner’s Creek, Bastrop county; and Salem church, Lavaca county. This association when constituted had four preachers, four churches, 82 members.

1900. The association convened this year with Buckner's Creek church in Bastrop county October 12, 13 and 14. Elder A. A. Culpepper preached the introductory and was chosen moderator and l-B. Cole was chosen clerk.

The association had four churches and 83 members. Contribution, $7.85.

1901. Convened with Tinney's Creek church in Caldwell county, October xi, i2 andI3. The introductory sermon was preached by Elder G. W. White. Elder A. A. Culpepper was chosen moderator and J. B. Cole clerk.

The following brethren were present from their respective associations: Friendship, Elder S. N. Redford and Brother J. R. Clark. Little Flock, C. Holleman. Primitive Baptist, Elder Henry Kilgore. Hill County, J. M. Nance. Red River, Elders J. G. Webb and W. L. Barrett. Village Creek, Elder H. L. Griggs. Correspondence returned.

This year the association had four churches; and 74 members. Contribution, $9.50.

1902. Convened with Tinney's Creek church in Caldwell county, October l0, 11and 12. Elder C. P. Galloway preached the introductory sermon. Elder A. A. Culpepper was elected moderator and J. B. Cole clerk.

Good Hope church of Gonzales county by her messengers, W. H, Barron and J. W. Taylor was received,

Elders J. W. Shook, P. T. Watson and Dr. E. M. Thomas were messengers from Friendship Association and Elder C. C. Evans from Little Flock Association.

The association had five churches and 96 members. Contribution, $8.25.

1903. Convened with Good Hope church in Gonzales county, October 9, 10 and 11. Elder G. W. White preached the introductory sermon. Elder A. A. Culpepper was chosen moderator and J. B. Cole clerk.

Elder Wm. Guess was messenger from Little Flock Association; J. B. Denton and J. E. Dubose from Friendship Association. Buckner’s Creek church was represented only three times in the association after the organization of the association owing to its members moving away.

The association had four churches and 88 members. Contribution, $9.15.

1904. Convened with Tinney’s creek church in Caldwell county, October 7, 8 and 9. The introductory sermon was preached by Elder A. A. Culpepper who was also chosen moderator and J.B. Cole was chosen clerk.

The following ministers from their respective association were invited to seats in the association. J. J. Edwards from New Harmony; J. B. Taylor and S. N. Red ford from Friendship; H. White, and J. R. Collier from Primitive Baptist and T. L. Webb from Pilot Grove.

Cibolo church of Wilson county through her messengers W. W. Baker, F. G. White and W. M: Smith was received also Bethel church, Caldwell county, by her messengers, S. B, Owens, Richard Cole and J. M. Hutcheson was received.

Correspondence was received from Friendship Association through Elders J. W, Shook, S. N. Redford and B. F. Redford; Little Flock Association through Elder A. V. Atkins.

The association had six churches and 131 members. Contributions $11.25.

1905. Convened with Cibolo church in Wilson County, October 6, 7 and 8. Elder J.L. Hare preached the introductory sermon. Elder G. W. White was chosen moderator and J. W. Reed clerk.

Zion church, Medina county, by her messengers Elder A. G. Blackwell, Wm. Barron and S. D. Dubose was received; also Mt. Zion church, Gonzales county, by her messengers, S. D. Cook, Lee Carroway and E. W. Copeland, was received.

Correspondence was received from Friendship Association by Elder J. W. Shook.

The association had eight churches and 191 members. Contribution, $16.30.

 

NOTE: The following churches are the members of the Southwest Texas Primitive Baptist Association.

BETHEL CHURCH.

Bethel church was constituted on Tinney's creek July 19, 1852, by Elders George Daniel and R. W. Ellis. Following were its charter members: James Jeffrey, Mary A. Jeffrey, John M. Flemming, Abigail Flemming, Richard Cole, Sarah B. Cole, John B, Jeffrey, Elander Jeffrey, Robert McFeron and Sarah McFeron. Elders George Daniel; and R. W. Ellis, were chosen to the pastoral care of the church and served till 1869; Elder J. M, Baker from 1860 till 1865; Elder W. S. Smith from 1865 till 1866. In June 1865 Abel Baker was ordained to the work of the ministry by Elders W. S. Smith, R. W. Ellis and J. M. Baker and Deacons Jesse Jeffrey and R. Cole. Elders A. Baker and J. M. Baker served the church jointly from 1866, till 1873. In 1873 J. W. Shook and J. W. Baker were ordained to the ministry by Elders E. A. Cranfill, J. M. Baker, R.W. Ellis and A. Baker and Deacons J. Pearce and J. W. Richburg. At which time Elder J. W. Baker was chosen to assist Elder J. M. Baker in the pastoral care of the church. In April 1888 G. W. White was ordained to the ministry by Elders R. W. Ellis, J. M, and J. W. Baker and J. W. Shook.

In 1889 this church was divided over the agitation of the associational question. Hard and ugly things, likely were said and done by both sides before and after this division. For nine years the contending parties of this division were known as Upper and Lower Bethel, when finally in June 1898 a council was called and this trouble was temporarily adjusted. There was however an extreme non-associational element in this church and when the Southwest Texas Association was constituted in 1899 this associational question was raised again by Elder J. W. Baker who refused to go into the pulpit with Elders G. W. White and A. A. Culpepper because they were in the constitution of the above association. Elder J. W. Baker said that he: "Had nothing against the two Elders, except that they were persistent associationalists."--Taylor Pamphlet, page 8.

Early in 1900 a second division occurred, caused first by Elder J. W. Baker refusing to preach with Elders White and Culpepper because they believed in organized associations, and were in the constitution of the Southwest Texas Primitive Baptist Association and second by Elders J. W. Baker, N. Barrow and I. J. Taylor declaring non-fellowship for organized associations.

In July 1900, a second council was called in which seven churches, by their messengers, were represented. This council, after hearing the testimony of both sides, unanimously decided that the Baker faction was wrong. Since which time they have had no connection with the orderly Baptists of Texas.

Bethel church joined the Providence Association in 1885, withdrew from same in 1889. The church then remained out of any association till 1904, when it joined the Southwest Texas Primitive Baptist Association.

Elder A. A. Culpepper has served the church as pastor since 1903.


SALEM CHURCH.

Salem church was organized August, 24 1872, at Sulfur Springs, in Gonzales county, near old Moulton, by Elders Jesse Davis and J. E. Woods, with the following charter members: W.S. Dubose, J. L. Dubose, C. L. Dubose, N. C. Dubose, S. E. Dubose, S. D. Dubose, B. I. Dubose, S. A. Dubose, I. B. Dubose, J. J. McElroy and M. F. Barron.

Elders Jesse Davis and J. E. Woods served the church jointly for a short while, when Eld. J. M. Baker took charge and served until the ordination of W. S. Dubose in July, 1877, by Elders J. W. Baker, J.W. Shook, Jesse Davis and Deacons Alexander Humphries and Wm. Barron Eld. Dubose preached for the church for awhile and was given a letter of dismission in Dec. 1881.

In 1887 Elder J. S. Newman was called for the pastoral care of the church, and served a year or more, when Elder C. P. Galloway was called; after serving for a short while Elder Galloway moved away. Since that time the church has had no regular pastor.

The church first joined Providence Association, where it remained until the dissolution of said association, in 1898. In 1899, it went into the constitution of South West Texas Primitive Baptist Association.


TINNEY'S CREEK CHURCH.

Tinney's Creek church was constituted Jan. 7, 1899, at the Shook school house on Tinney's Creek. in Caldwell county, by Elders J. W. Shook, J. W. Baker, G. W. White and A. A. Culpepper, and Deacons S. B. Owens and R. Cole, with the following charter members: J.B. Cole, M. E Cole, W. F. White, Elizabeth White, B. W. S. Hutcherson, Martha Hutcherson, J. E. White, Rebecca White, O. B. Daniels, Sarah White, C. C. Hutcherson, Margaret Reed and Sarah Stokes.

Immediately after the church was constituted, Elders G. W. White and A. A. Culpepper joined the church by letter and were also called jointly to the pastoral care of the church, and thus continued to serve until March, 1905 when Elder White moved away.

Elder Culpepper is still pastor of this church.

The Southwest Texas Primitive Baptist Association was organized with this church in October, 1899.


Z ION CHURCH

Zion church was constituted June 28, 1854, in the Black creek community: in Medina county, seven miles west of Devine, by Elders J. M. and J. W. Baker, and Deacon W. J. Daniell, with the following members: Elder Wm. Dubose, B. I. Dubose, John L. Dubose, N. C. Dubose ,C. L. Dubose and S. D. Dubose.

This was the first church of our faith and order organized west of San Antonio.

The members of this church were from Salem church in Lavaca county, to Good Hope church in Gonzales county and from Good Hope church to Medina county.

These precious brethren and sisters helped to give me a home with the Old Baptists in July, 1883, at the Good Hope church. It was there I joined and learned to love this noble-hearted Old Baptist family,

On account of some trouble over the association question in some of the churches farther east, Zion church withdrew from Providence Association in Sept., 1894.

By the authority of this church, J. L. Hare was ordained to the ministry, December 12, 1885, by Elders R. Whitehead, C. P. Galloway and W. S. Dubose and Deacons B. I. Dubose and Henry Griffin.

In May, 1891, Willie L. Dubose and J. A. Kinsell were ordained to the work of the ministry by Elder J. L. Hare and Deacons B. I. Dubose, H.Y. Griffin and J. W. Eaton.

In October, 1905, the church joined the Southwest Texas Association.

Elder W. S. Dubose was pastor of the church from its constitution until June 1891, Elder A. G. Blackwell has the pastoral care of the church at present.


LITTLE VINE CHURCH.

Little Vine church was constituted at Delvalle, Travis county, Dec. 4, 1897, by Elders B. F. Redford, H. Kilgore, P. T. Watson and Deacon S. S. Redford, with the following members: J.J. Smith, M. A. Smith, J. L. Kelley, M. A. Long and L. C. Long. All these members were holding letters from Bethel church, Carroll county, Georgia.

Elders H. Kilgore, A. A., Culpepper, and others have preached for this church. P.T. Watson is their present pastor.

This church was in the constitution of the Southwest Texas Primitive Baptist Association and is still a member of that body.


CIBOLA CHURCH.

Cibola church was organized Jan. 14, 1893, four miles northwest of Stockdale in Wilson county, by Elders J. G. Currington and J. S. Newman, and Deacons W. F. Smith and L. D. Cook; with the following charter members: L. B. Fatheree, J. B. Chancy, Lydia Freeman, S.M. Sutherland, Bryant Freeman, E. Chaney, Mary Sims and Phorba Sims.

Elder J. S, Newman was called to the pastoral care of the church and served until 1897. In June, 1897, Elder R. W. Harrell was called and served until November, 1880, when Elder J. L. Hare was called and still serves the church. Elder J. L. Hare joined this church by letter from Ebenezer church, in Frio county, in May, 1894.

T. I. Mobley was ordained to the ministry on Saturday before the first Sunday in Aug. 1899, by Elders W. G. Green, J. M. Baker and J. L. Hare, and Deacons L. D. Cook, and Lee Carraway. Bro. Mobley was given a letter of dismission from this church and joined Mt. Zion church in Gonzales county.

Elder G. W. White joined this church by letter from Tinney's Creek church in Caldwell county. Eld. J. G. Currington also joined this church by letter from Brushy Creek church, in Lavaca county.

This church joined the Southwest Texas Primitive Baptist Association in 1904.


GOOD HOPE CHURCH

Good Hope church was constituted Sept. 22, 1877, at Prickly Pear school house, Gonzales county, by Elders Jesse Davis, J. W. Baker, Wm. S. Dubose and Deacon, J. M. Gage and J. J. McElroy, with the following members: Wm. H. Barron and wife, M. F. Barron, S.D. Dubose and wife, Lucinda Dubose, John E. Dubose and wife, Mary J. Dubose; William L. Barron and wife, Elizabeth Barton, Thomas M. Wright, Benjamin F. Gish and Rebecca Wright, Elder Jesse Davis joined this church by letter soon after its constitution. Elder Davis was the youngest son of Elder Chesley Davis and was born Jan. 5, 1812, in South Carolina; from there he moved to Miss., and about 1843, he joined Laodicea church and was baptized by Elder Orrin Guthrie, commenced preaching about 1845, just when he was ordained, I have no means of knowing but am informed by his son, Leroy Davis, that he was likely ordained by Elders E. A. Meaders and West of Miss. Elder Davis died a member of Good Hope church, March, 27, 1895.

Elder S. C. Kyle joined this church by letter from Pilgrim Rest church in DeWitt county, in 1893, and a few years later was dismissed by letter.

J. S. Newman joined the church by experience and baptism on Saturday before the fourth Sunday in July, 1883, and was baptized by Elder J. W. Baker the same day.

The church joined Providence Association the same year it was constituted and remained a member of said body until the trouble came up over the associational question, when the church withdrew from the association and remained out of any association until 1902, when it joined Southwest Texas Primitive Baptist Association.

Following are the Elders that have served the church as pastors: J. W. Baker, W. S. Dubose, J. S. Newman, S. C. Kyle, R. W. Harrell, G. W. White, M L. Dubose and A. A. Culpepper, who is the present pastor.


MT. ZION CHURCH.

Mt. Zion church was constituted April 27, 1897, near Zedders Mill in Gonzales county, by Elders J. G. and H. O. Currington and R. W. Harrell and Deacons W. W. Baker, W. F. Smith and L. D. Cook, with the following members: G. W. Self, Mary Self, Jay Mahan, J. C. Daniel, A. C. Daniel, Nancy Cohee, F. L. York, LauraDaniel, C. Schoultz, Jennie Carraway, Bettie Powell, L. C. Harrison, Mary Tankersly and E. H. Reed.

Elder H. C. Currington was called to the care of the church at the time it was organized and served until Elder T. I. Mobley joined the church by letter in April, 19oo,who served the church as pastor until November 1902, when he was dismissed by letter.

Elders J. L. Hare and G. W. White have served the church since Brother Mobley moved away. Elder J. G. Currington is their present pastor.

The church is a member of the South West Texas Association.


PROVIDENCE CHURCH.

In as much as it has been published several times that the above church was first constituted in Alabama, emigrated as a church to Texas, I will copy the constitution of this church from the old church records that I have before me.

"State Of Coahuila and Texas, municipality of Mena, Colorado, March; 29, 1834."

A preamble of the constitution of a Baptist church,

Whereas there being a few Baptist brethren of the Baptist order having immigrated from the United States and settled in Texas, viz: James Burleson, Joseph Burleson and Elizabeth his wife, Moses Gage, Isabella Crouch and Elizabeth Burleson having brought letters of dismission with them and being desolate and there being no church to join and being anxious to enjoy church privileges they appointed to meet on the fifth Saturday in March at John Burleson’s, in order to consult the minds of each other on framing a constitution, and 6n the day set they met with brethren Isaac Crouch and Abner Smith "ministers o[ the gospel" and others, and a number of spectators. A. Smith being requested preached the introductory sermon from the text, "Upon this rock I will build my church and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it." The brethren then after counseling together called Brethren Crouch and Smith as a presbytery to constitute them and on producing letters and after being examined on the Articles of Faith the said Crouch and Smith pronounced the six members above named the church of Christ, known by the name of Providence." This church was constituted near Bastrop in the county of Bastrop.

After the church was organized, Elder Isaac Crouch joined by letter. In November, 1834, Elder Abner Smith joined by letter. Isaac Crouch was dismissed by letter in Jan., 1835. Moses Gage was liberated to preach by this church its April, 1837. Elder A. Dancer joined the church by letter its Nov., 1837, and Nov., 1838, he Was dismissed by letter. Elder. G. Green joined by letter in Dec., 1838. Elder R. G. Green was excluded for drunkenness in Feb. 1840, also at the same meeting, Elder A. Smith was given a letter of dismission.

I have no record of this church later than April, 1841. The church first joined the Union Association, and was regularly dismissed from that body, and was in the constitution of the Providence Association in 1850. The church was dismissed from Providence Association and was in the constitution of Friendship Association in Nov. 1878. This church was dissolved a few years ago.

The following are the Articles of Faith upon which this old church was constituted.

1. We believe in one only true and living God, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost,

2. We believe that the Scriptures of the Old and New Testament are the Word of God and the only rule 0I faith and practice.

3. We believe in the doctrine of election .and that God chose His people in Christ before the foundation of the world.

4. We believe in the doctrine of original sin.

5. We believe in man's impotency to recover himself from the fallen state he is in by nature by his own free will and ability.

9. We believe that sinners are justified in the sight of God only by the imputed righteousness of Christ,

7. We believe that God's elect shall be called, converted regenerated and sanctified by the Holy Spirit.

8. We believe that the saints shall persevere in grace and never fall finally away.

9. We believe that baptism and the Lord's supper are ordinances of Jesus Christ and that true believers are the subjects. We believe that the true mode of baptism is by immersion.

10. We believe in the resurrection of the dead and general judgment.

11. We believe the punishment of the wicked and the joys of the righteous are eternal.

12. We believe that no minister has the right to the administration of the ordinances only such as are regularly baptized, called and have come under the imposition of the hands of the presbytery. We also believe that none but regularly baptized members have a right to commune at the Lord's table.


HOPEWELL CHURCH.

Hopewell church was the first church of the Primitive Baptist faith and order, constituted west of the Colorado River. In speaking of this church Z. N, Morrell says: "In 1839 our little church was organized by a presbytery, composedof A. Dancer and R. G. Green, adopting, at the time of the organization, the Articles of Faith of the United Baptist of West Tennessee. During the year 1839, we were supplied with preaching by Z. N. Morrell, A. Smith and others. "--FRUITS AND FLOWERS, page 141.

I have before me the records of the Old Providence church, which was constituted March 29, 1834, and I note that Elder Asa Wright, and William and Stephen Scallorn of Fayette county were present, and were invited to "seats in the conference." The record says "Elder Asa Wright requested help of the church to assist in the constitution of a church in his neighborhood this day fortnight." The record shows the conference mentioned above was held Saturday before the 3rd Sunday in March, 1839, and that the request of these brethren was granted, in appointing Elders Asael Dancer and R. G. Green, together with Joseph and Arion Burleson, and Moses Gage to constitute the church. Thus Hopewell church was constituted on Saturday before the first Sunday in April, 1839.

We have no definite knowledge as to all the charter members of this church, but we have conclusive evidence that Stephen and William Scallorn and their wives, also Asa Wright and his wife were charter members of this church.

In July, 1839, I find the following in the record of Hopewell church:

I. "Resolved that the church take into consideration the time of feet-washing;" and 2. "Resolved that this church prohibit the missionary question from being discussed in church conference, and declare non-fellowship for the same."

In October, 1839, A. Dancer was chosen first pastor of the church and Stephen Scallorn clerk.

The Providence church record shows that in January, 1840, Elder Moses Gage and Joseph Burleson were sent to Hopewell church. In the February meeting for the Providence church in 1840, I find the following: "The order of last meeting, appointing Brethren J. Burleson and M., Gage to visit Hopewell church in Fayette county, leas revived and they were requested to carry a letter and meet the said church in their next regular conference meeting." In 1840 the Modern Missionary spirit began to manifest itself in the church, In February, 1842, William Scallorn wrote the following to Z. N. Morrell: "Our conference meeting comes on at Plum Grove next Saturday. We are in trouble. The Anti-missionaries have been among us, sowing the seeds of discord. We are on the eve of a rent in the body. Come and help us. "Fruits and Flowers, page 153.

It might be in place to state here "Plum Grove," mentioned in the quotation above, was the name of the community in which Hopewell church was located.

In the early part of 1842, this church divided over the Modern Missionary question, at which time the church had 22 members 13 of them went with the Modern Missionaries, while 9 remained true to the Articles of Faith, and Constitution of the church and held the church book and house. In November, 1842, the church was dissolved by Elder A. Dancer, and Deacon Stephen Scallorn. Soon. after this, a portion of the 9 members that were in the dissolution of the Hopewell church, met at LaGrange, Fayette county, and organized a church, calling it Friendship. This church was soon removed to a school house near N. W. Earthman's and then again to a school house near Col. John H. Moore's, 6 of the members of this church were lettered out and went into the constitution of Mulberry church.


FRIENDSHIP CHURCH

Friendship church was constituted at LaGrange, Fayette county, in the early part of the year 1843, likely by: Elders A. Smith, Josiah Harper and A. Dancer. From the records of the Mulberry church, I find the following: "In November 1842, the church (Hopewell) was dissolved by Elder A. Dancer, and Deacon S. Scallorn. Soon after this, a portion of the nine members that were in the dissolution of the Hopewell church, met at LaGrange, and organized a church, calling it Friendship. This church was soon removed to a school-house near Mr. Earthman's, and then attain to a school-house near Col. John H. Moore's." Shortly after the constitution of this Church, it joined the Union Association, and was dismissed from said association in 1849, or the early part of 185o, and was in the constitution of the Providence association in May, 1850, at which time Elders Josiah Harper and A. Smith together with fifteen others, were members of this church. In 1851, Elders Josiah Harper and A. Smith, and Brother J. C. Tony were the messengers from this Church to the Providence association, in fellowship seventeen, and in 1852, Elder A. Smith, Benjamin Purcell, and George Ethington were its messengers to the same association, in fellowship seventeen. In 1853, Elder A. Smith and J. O. Barnett were the messengers, in fellowship twenty. In 1855 the messengers were the messengers, in fellowship twenty-one. In 1856, Elders A. Smith, and Josiah Harper, and Brother J. Stewart, were the messengers, in fellowship twenty-two. In.1857, Elders A. Smith, B. Purcell, and G. Ethington were the messengers, in fellowship twenty-one. In 1858, Elder Josiah Harper, and G. Ethington, and John Stewart were the messengers, in fellowship twenty-five. In 1859, B, Purell, J. Bardin and E. L. Haney were the messengers, in fellowship nineteen.

In 1860 B, Purcell and W. C. Purcell (licentiate) and G. Ethington were the messengers, in fellowship thirty-one. July 27, 1861, W. C. Purcell was ordained to the ministry, by Elders Abner Smith, Reuben Ellis, James M. Baker and John O. Barnett, and: in October following, B. Purcell, and Elder W. C. Purcell were the messengers to the association, in fellowship thirty-one. In 1862 the messengers were B. Purcell and L. L. Halley, in fellowship thirty-one. In 1863 the messengers were W. D. Murphy, G. Ethington and Elder W. C. Purcell, in fellowship thirty. In 1864 and 65 the messengers and membership were the same as in 1863. In 1866, B; Purcell was messenger, in fellowship thirty. In 1867 Elder W. C. Purcell, W. D. Murphy and William Risinger were the messengers, in fellowship thirty-two. It, 1868 the messengers were W. D. Murphy, L. L. Haney and William Risinger, in fellowship thirty. In 1869 G. Ethington and W. D. Murphy were the messengers, in fellowship twenty-four. In 1870 W. D. Murphy and L. L. Hauey were the messengers, in fellowship eighteen. In 1871 W. D. Murphy was the messenger, in fellowship fifteen. In 1872 same messenger and same membership as in 1871. In 1873 there was a letter from the church to the association but no messengers, in fellowship fifteen. This was the last time this church was in any wise represented in the association.


MULBERRY CHURCH.

Mulberry church was constituted on Saturday before the 3rd Sunday in July, 1850, on Mulberry Fork of the Navidad River, Fayette county, by Elders Josiah Harper and Calvin M. Gage, at the residence of Stephen Scallorn.

The charter members were as follows: Elder Ovin Guthrie, and Eliza Guthrie, from Hopewell church, Fayette county, Mississippi, Stephen Scallorn, Martha Scallorn, Nancy James, Mary Smith, Rosetta Anderson and Susan Anderson. Elder Calvin M. Gage joined the church by letter from Hopewell church, Madison county, Ark. Elder Abner Smith was chosen to the pastoral care of the church, in December, 1850. This church joined the Providence association in. September, t85o, Elder Ovin Guthrie was dismissed from the church by letter in June, 1854. In 1856 the church declared non-fellowship for the doctrine of "Eternal Devil, eternal union, eternal children, and eternal justification." In October, 1862, Elder W. C. Purcell was called to the pastoral care of the church. Elder Jesse Davis joined the church by letter from Sulphur Springs church, Lavaca county, in March, 1863, and served as its only pastor from this date till February, 187I, at which time Elder J.E. Woods was called to serve with Elder Jesse Davis as joint pastor. In December, 1876, Elder J. W. Shook was called in connection with Elder Jesse Davis to the pastoral care of the church. In September, 1878, Elder Jesse Davis was dismissed from the Church by letter, but continued to serve with J. W. Shook, as pastor, till in December, 188o, when Elder W. S. Dubose was chosen to serve with Elder J. W. Shook.

Elder J. G. Currington joined the church by recommendation in August, 1883. Elder Currington came from Alabama. Several years before he joined this church, and had lost his identity with the orderly Baptist by joining Mount Olive church, Lavaca county, which had in 1856 gone off with the Two-seed doctrine. In November, 1883, Elder J. G. Currington was dismissed by letter from this church. This church as dissolved Saturday before the 3rd Sunday in November, 1886, by Elder J. W. Shook and Deacon J. S. Newman. This was the last of the Primitive Baptist churches in Fayette county. A foreign element is moving into this county and buying their lands, our people moved to other sections of the State.


BUCKNER'S CREEK CHURCH.

Buckner’s Creek church was constituted in Fayette County, June 21, 1851, by Elders Josiah Harper and J. J. Gage. The charter members were: Aaron Burleson, Matilda Burleson, Allie Burleson, Richard Priest, and Mary Priest. At their July meeting, following the constitution, Elder Abner Smith was called to the pastoral care of the church. In the following Fall, this church joined the Providence association, and remained with same till its dissolution in 1899.

In 1853, this question was asked the church by A. Burleson, "Is the doctrine of Eternal Devil, and eternal union and eternal children, the doctrine of Christ or not?" Answer. "We think not." The doctrine of the Two-seedism was at that time being advocated by a few preachers, purposing to be Primitive Baptist ministers. In December, 1854, this question was before the church in conference: "Is the doctrine, that the church did actually exist in Christ, and that she never was created, the doctrine of Christ, or not?" Answer. "It is not the doctrine of the gospel of Jesus Christ."

In March, 1855, Elder Josiah Harper was called, to the pastoral care of the church, and served in that capacity till August, 1858, when Elder A. Smith was called again. J. E. Woods joined the church by letter in June 1861, and was liberated by the church to preach in February 1862. Elder R. W. Ellis preached for the church from December, 1861 till June, 1865, when Abel Baker was called to the pastoral care of the church. Elder E. A. Cranfill joined the church by letter in April 1870, and was dismissed by letter in March, 1876. Elder A. Baker served the church from the time he was called in 1865 till November, 1877, when Elder R. W. Ellis joined this church by letter, and was called to the care of the church and served about seven years.

Brother Ellis was one of the pioneer preachers of Texas, having, been ordained to the full work of the ministry by Elders James Brewton and Jesse E. Casey of the Point Remove church, Conway county, Arkansas, in 1845. We find that he joined Plum Greek church in 1851 or 52, and when the disturbance came up in that church over Two-seedism, Elder Ellis, for contending against it, was excluded. After said church had lost its identity, Brother Ellis as the only resort joined Bethel church of Caldwell county, finally he was dismissed from this church, and joined Buckner's Creek church, by letter, and was a member of the same when he died.

R. Whitehead was ordained by the authority of this church but the record fails to show who ordained him. C. P. Galloway was ordained to the ministry on Saturday before the first Sunday in May 1883, by Elders Jesse Davis, M. F. Wright and R. Whitehead. In December, 1884, the church called Elder C. P. Galloway to the pastoral care of the Church, and in February, 1885, Elder R. Whitehead was called to serve co-jointly with Elder C. P. Galloway as pastor.

Elder M. F. Wright was received into this church, by letter, Sept. 1878, and was dismissed by letter in August, 1885.After the Church had granted Elder Wright a letter, he involved himself in disorder, and was excluded, October, 1885.

In August, 1892, Elder J. W. Shook joined the church by letter in November, 1892, Elder R. Whitehead was excluded from the church In October, 1900. I. B. Holland was ordained to the work of the ministry by Elders B.F. Redford, J. G. Currington, C. P. Galloway, G. White, J. W. Perkins, and A. A. Culpepper, and Deacons W. H. Barron, J. J. Smith, W. F. White, and Jacob Hull. In, March, 1900, Elder J. W. Shook was dismissed by letter from the church, and in July, 1904, I. B. Holland was excluded from the church.

The church was dissolved by Elder C. P. Galloway and F. M. Scallorn on Saturday before the first Sunday in July, 1904.


SULPHUR SPRINGS CHURCH.

Sulphur Springs church was constituted July, 2, 1852 at Old Moulton, Gonzales County, by Elders Ovin Guthrie and George Daniel. Following are the charter members: Jas. W. Winters, Percy B. Winters, Reuben Key, Martha Key,. Alexander Humphries, and Rhoda Winters. Elder George Daniel was called to the pastoral care of the church. This church joined the Providence association in 1852. Elder Jesse Davis joined this: churchby letter, in May, 1856. In the same year the church declared non-fellowship for two-seedism. In December, 1856, Elder Jesse Davis was dismissed by letter, and the church was dissolved by Elders Jesse Davis and George Daniel, March 16, 1884.


SAN MARCOS CHURCH.

San Marcos church was constituted April 30, 1853, at the residence of Elder George Daniels on Smith Creek, Gonzales county, by Elders R. W. Ellis and George Daniels. The following were its charter members: Wm. Baker, Vashti Baker, Hannah Daniels, I.D. Owen and Sylvana Daniels. Just after the church was organized, Elder George Daniels joined by letter from Plum Creek church, Caldwell county, and was called to the pastoral charge. J. M. Baker (son of Wm. Baker, mentioned in the constitution of this church) joined the church by experience Saturday before the first Sunday in June, 1856, and was baptized the following day by Elder George Daniels. He was liberated to preach in 1857, and ordained to the ministry June 4, 1857, by Elders Abner Smith and George Daniels and R. W. Ellis. In 1862 or 64, Elder George Daniels was dismissed by letter, and Elder J. M. Baker was called to the pastoral care of the church. In Sept 1853, this church joined the Providence association and remained with it till 1886, when it withdrew. This church was in the controversy with the Two-seed doctrine in 1856, and did not lose a member.

When the trouble came up over organized associations, this church took a conservative position. While this church did not believe that the scriptures authorized an Organization, except the church, still it did not want and has not made the difference on this question, a test of fellowship. While the churches in this association divided over the associational question, this church stood firm and did not lose a member during the contention. Elder J. M. Baker joined this church and was baptized in 1856. Soon after his ordination in 1857, he was called to the pastoral care of the church, and has served faithfully ever since. He has missed only a few conference meetings since he joined the church.

The church house now stands on a plat of ground where Elder Baker's father and mother lived and died. Near this plat of ground, Elder J. M. Baker desires to be placed when he must go the way of all the earth. This church now numbers 83 members, most of whom am J. M. Baker's kindred in the flesh.

The writer of this book is the grandson of William and Vashti Baker, who was in the constitution of this church.


MILL CREEK CHURCH.

Mill Creek church was constituted March 22, 1854 in Austin County, by Elder Josiah Harper, and Deacon Ben Purcell, with the following charter members: J. O. Barnett, Jas. Redford, T. B. Redford, Nancy S. Redford, Elizabeth Barnett, George and Mary Shields. Elder Josiah Harper was called to the pastoral care of the church at the time it was organized. The church joined Providence Association in 1854. J. O. Barnett was ordained to the work of the ministry by Elders J. Harper and Abner Smith, the fourth Sunday in March, 1855, C. H. Boyett joined the church by experience and baptism in May, 1857. W. C. Purcell joined this church by experience and baptism in May, 1858. These brethren were afterwards, liberated to preach by this church, W. C. Purcell in September, 1859, and C. A. Boyett in October 1865.

In June 1868; R. A. Mercer who was afterwards an Old Baptist preacher joined this church by experience and baptism in June 1868. B. F: Redford was ordained to the ministry in August 17, 1881 by Elder J. W. Shook, and Deacons S. G. Bailey and S. S. Redford. Elder J. G. Barnett served the church as pastor from the date of his ordination in 1855 until a short time before the ordination of Elder B. F. Redford. Elder B. F. Redford was dismissed by letter in September, 1883.

This church was dissolved on Saturday before the 3rd Sunday in August, 1884.


COMFORT CHURCH.

Comfort church was constituted November 7, 1868, near Cistern in Fayette county, by Elders George Daniel and Abel Baker with the following members: Jonas Gage, James Gage, N. B. Yancy, N. A. Yancy, Matilda Burleson, Rachel Shultz, Allie Burleson, C. Burleson, N. A. Hart and Abigail Hart. J.E. Woods was ordained to the ministry by Elders George Daniel and Jesse Davis in 1870. He was soon given a letter of dismission and is now a member of New Salem church in Milam county, and lives near Rockdale. This church joined the Providence Association likely in 1869. Elder C. P. Galloway was the last pastor of this church which is now extinct caused by the members moving away.


SHILO CHURH.

Shilo church was constituted at a school house near J. R. Anderson's, Guadalupe county, July 8, 1871, by Elder J. M. Baker and Abel Baker. Following were the charter members: J. R. Anderson, A. E. Anderson, Abraham McBride, Martha I. McBride, Henry M. Anderson, Mary Anderson, Jane Springs, Susana Favors, Melvina Mattocks, Susan Glasson and Matilda Davidson. Elder J. M. Baker served as pastor of this church from the time it was constituted till 1895, Then Elder H. C. Currington was called to the pastoral charge and served in that capacity till August, 1899. Elder J. L. Haire was then called and preached only a few times till the membership of this church became too small to justify regular preaching.

Shilo church joined the Providence Association in October, 1871, and remained with this association until 1886, since which time it has not been represented.


SMYRNA CHURCH.

Smyrna church was constituted at Delhi, Caldwell county, Sept. 9, 1880, by Elders J. M. Baker, R. W. Ellis and J. W. Shook and Deacon William Galloway, with the following members: Orrin Winters, Susana Winters, J. T. Bright, Martha H. Bright, T. B. Baker, D. T. Winters, Emily Spraggins, Elizabeth Baker, H. Hoket and S. F. Bright.

The church joined Providence Association in October following its constitution.

Elder R. Whitehead was chosen to thc pastoral care of the church in October, 1880. Elder W. S. Dubose in 1881 and Elder John Baker in 1882 were called to serve with Elder R. Whitehead.

This church was dissolved on Saturday before the second Sunday in April, 1892, by Elders A. A. Culpepper, C. P. Galloway, R. Whitehead, G. W. White and Deacon J. M. White.


PILGRIM REST CHURCH.

Pilgrim Rest church was constituted December 1, 1883, by Elders J. W. Shook and J. G. Currington, at Burnt Camp school house, in Lavaca county, with the following members: Elder J. G. Currington and wife, Wesley Vick, Sarah Price, H. C. Currington, L. Currington, J. S. Newman and wife Mirandy, C. Newman, M. E. Day and M. J. Currington. Elder J. G. Currington was called to the pastoral care of the church at the time it was organized and served the church as such till June, 1893, at which time Elder J. S. Newman was called. J. S. Newman and H. C. Currington were ordained to the ministry by Elders J. W. Baker and J. G. Curington on Saturday before thc first Sunday in July, 1886.

W. P. Carroll was ordained to the ministry by Elders J. G. and H. C. Currington and Deacon W. F. Vick on Saturday before the first Sunday in Jan, 1888.

Elder S. C. Kyle joined the church by letter in March, 1892, and in July following, as given a letter of dismission and joined Good Hope church, in Gonzales county. Elder R. W. Harrell joined the church by letter in the fall of 1896 or the Spring of 1897, and was called to the care of the church in which capacity he is serving. In March, 1897, Elder J. S. Newman was dismissed by letter and joined Bethel church at Killeen in Bell county. H .C. Currington was dismissed from this church by letter and joined Ephesus church in Gonzales county. Elder J. G. Currington was also dismissed by letter and joined, or was in the constitution of Brushy Creek church, iii Lavaca county. This church joined the Providence Association soon after it was constituted and when the trouble came up in the association over the associational question, the church withdrew and has had no connection with any association since. The church several years ago moved from Lavaca county to Stratton, in Dewitt county, where it still meets. This church is the mother of Bethlehem, Ephesus and Brushy Creek churches and grandmother of Mt Zion and Cibola churches. Bethlehem and Ephesus are dissolved.


COLORADO CHURCH.

Colorado Primitive Baptist church was constituted on Saturday before the fourth Sunday in March, 1885, near Upton, Bastrop county, by Elders J. M. Baker, J. G. Currington, C.P. Galloway and J. W. Shook with the following members: Stephen Scallorn, F. M. Scallorn, Z. J. Hancock, Melissa Hancock, Mary Stodermier, J. W. Shook and wife Abigail Shook.

Elder J. W. Shook was called to the pastoral care of the church on September, 1885.

The church joined the Providence Association and remained a member of that body until dissolved in March, 1892.

Deacon S. Scallorn died a member of this church at the age of one hundred years, in the faith of the Old Baptists.


 EPHESUS CHURCH.

Ephesus church was organized by Elders J. G, Currington and J. S. Newman in July, 189o, at Glabbertown, in Gonzales county, with the following .members: L. D. Cook, S. Fisher, Matilda Fisher, Francis Fisher, George Fisher, Thomas Fisher, James Fisher, Walter Jones, John Yates, Martha Yates, Minnie Smith, Joel Smith, Molly Coldwell, Samuel and May Smith,

Elder J. S. Newman served this church for several years, when Elder H. C. Currington joined the church and served it till he moved away.

A. G. Blackwell joined this church by. experience and baptism, and was baptized by Elder J. S. Newman.

Brother Blackwell was ordained to the ministry by Elders J. B. Downing, J. S. Newman, and I believe Elder J. G. Currington. The church is the mother of Mt. Zion and Cibola churches. Elder G. W. White and others dissolved the church a few years ago.


EBENEZER CHURCH.

Ebenezer church Was organized April, 26, 1890, at the Lagoneas school house in Frio county, by Elders W. S. Dubose, J. L. Hare and J. A. Kinsd, and B. I. Dubose, with the following members: J.L. Hare and wile M. F,. Hare, B. O. Musgrove, C. Cobb, Anna Cobb, L. J. Youngblood and W. T. Winters.

Elder J. S. Hare was called to the pastoral care of this church, just alter its constitution, and served it until April, t89o. when he was dismissed by letter.

The church is now extinct.


NEW HOPE CHURCH.

New Hope church was constituted December 20, 1896 near Buda, Hays county, by Elder H. White and Deacon J. W. Herron, with the following members: Moses Johnson, E. C. Johnson, Wm. Johnson, Ann E. Johnson, Mary J. Harbor and W. R. Matthews.

Elders H. White and A. A. Culpepper have served this church. At present the church has no regular pastor. The church has never joined any association. This church is a very weak church only having seven members at present.


HONDO CHURCH.

Hondo church was constituted Saturday before the first Sunday in May, 1898, near Hondo in Bandera county, by Elders W. S. and W. L. Dubose, With the following members: Elder D. W. Russell, W. L. Bridges, J. S. Caddel, George Petty, Dora Sparks, Gillie Furgerson, A. B. Kerby and wife.

Elder D. W. Russell was called to the pastoral care of the church at the time of its constitution and served until he moved away.

Last Updated ( Friday, 13 October 2006 )
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Purpose

The Primitive or Old School Baptists cling to the doctrines and practices held by Baptist Churches throughout America at the close of the Revolutionary War. This site is dedicated to providing access to our rich heritage, with both historic and contemporary writings.